TECHNICAL DRAWING

WAEC SYLLABUS ON TECHNICAL DRAWING

SCHEME OF EXAMINATION

There will be three papers, Papers1, 2 and 3 all of which must be taken. Papers 1 and 2 will be acomposite paper to be taken at one sitting.

PAPER 1:

will consist of forty multiple-choice objective questions all of which are to beanswered in 1 hour for 40 marks. The paper will consist of two sections, SectionsA and B as follows:

Section A:

will consist of thirty questions drawn from the general principles,techniques and uses of plane and solid geometry.

Section B:

will consist of ten questions in each of two alternative parts: Part I(Building Drawing) and Part II (Mechanical Drawing). Candidates will berequired to answer questions in one part only.

PAPER 2:

will consist of five essay questions on plane, solid and vector geometry.Candidates will be required to answer any three of the questions in1¾ hours for60 marks.

PAPER 3:

will consist of two sections, Sections A and B to be taken in 2¾ hours for 100marks.

Section A:

will consist of three questions requiring sketches of objects,components, symbols and tools used in the Building and Mechanical industries.One of the questions will be compulsory.

Candidates will be required to answer the compulsory question for 20 marks andone of the other questions for 10 marks. The section will require 45 minutes.

Section B:

will consist of two questions: one on Building Drawing and the other,on Mechanical Drawing. Candidates will be required to answer only one of thequestions in 2 hours for 70 marks.


DETAILED SYLLABUS

PLANE GEOMETRY

S/NCONTENTSNOTES
1.

Drawing materials and equipment,types of drawing and applications

Standard size drawing A2 ISO board and drawingsheet, set squares, drawing instruments,protractor and T-square.
2.

Lines, lettering and dimensioning

Types of lines and their uses. Types and styles oflettering, title blocks and border lines. These shouldconform to BS 1192 and BS 308A.
3.

Division of lines and its applications

Dividing into a given number of equal parts orproportion and other simple exercises involvingmathematical problems.
4.

Scales and their uses

Plain and diagonal scales, constructions and theirapplications, including scale of chords.
5.

Angles

Types and their constructions.
6.

Triangles, quadrilaterals and otherpolygons

Regular and irregular polygons: properties and theirconstructions.
7.

Circles

Parts, types, properties and their constructions.
8.

Tangents and tangency

Construction and application of principles of tangencyto spanner, anchors and other tools.
9.

Inscribed, circumscribed and escribedfigures

Definitions, identification and their constructions.
10.

Similar figures and areas

Enlargement and reduction by area and side.
11.

Loci

Definition and construction of straight line, circle,ellipse, parabola, hyperbola, helix, trochoids (inferiorand superior) spiral, cycloid, hypocycloid, involutesand link mechanisms.

SOLID GEOMETRY

S/NCONTENTSNOTES
12.

Lines in space and planes

Location of points and lines in space. True length andangle of inclination of a line. Intersecting lines, planerelationships and traces.Types of planes and edge views of planes.
13.

Pictorial drawing: isometric, oblique,perspective

Isometric scales and circles, oblique scales and curves.One and two points perspective, including free handsketching.
14.

Orthographic projection

Multiplane,1st and 3rd angle projection.
15.

Auxiliary projections

Prisms, cones, cylinder, cube, pyramid (right andoblique), including second auxiliary projection.
16.

Sectional views and true shapes

True shape of sections of prisms, cylinders pyramidsand cones, (ellipse, parabola, hyperbola, circle andtriangle).
17.

Development of surfaces

Surfaces of right and oblique pyramids, prisms,cylinders, cones and their truncated parts and frustum.Transition pieces.
18.

Intersection /Interpenetration

Intersections of cylinders, cones, prisms and pyramids.

We provide educational resources/materials, curriculum guide, syllabus, scheme of work, lesson note & plan, waec, jamb, O-level & advance level GCE lessons/tutorial classes, on various topics, subjects, career, disciplines & department etc. for all the Class of Learners

SYMBOLS AND CONVENTIONS

S/NCONTENTSNOTES
19.

Symbols and conventionsused in plane and solid geometry

Example, the symbol used to indicate the diameter of acircle.

VECTOR GEOMETRY

S/NCONTENTSNOTES
20.

Forces:co-planer,con-current and parallel

Graphical determination of resultant, usingBow’s notation. Equilibrant and reaction usingtriangle and polygon of forces.
21.

Simple framed structure

Determination of reactions and internal forcesof members and nature of forces.
22.

Shearing force and bending momentdiagrams

Simple supported beams and cantilevers withconcentrated and uniformly distributed loads.
23.

Centre of gravity of lamina

Simple geometrical shapes.

NOTE: Vector Geometry is for candidates in Ghana only and will be examined in Paper 2.

BUILDING DRAWING

The recommendations of the current BS 1192 (metric) should be followed.
S/NCONTENTSNOTES
1.

Freehand sketching and identification ofbuilding tools

Both pictorial and orthographic sketches of buildingtools.
2.

Foundations and Floors

Types and parts of foundations and floors.
3.

Openings – windows, doors and arches

Types and parts of doors, windows and arches.
4.

Stairs and staircases

Parts and types of staircases.
5.

Roofs

Types and parts of roofs.
6.

Constructional details of parts of buildings

Includes wall, column, beam, lintel, etc.

We provide educational resources/materials, curriculum guide, syllabus, scheme of work, lesson note & plan, waec, jamb, O-level & advance level GCE lessons/tutorial classes, on various topics, subjects, career, disciplines & department etc. for all the Class of Learners

7.

Working drawings of buildings

Orthographic projections and sectional views.
8.

Building materials, freehand sketching,symbols and conventions

Including electrical and plumbing fittings.

MECHANICAL DRAWING

The recommendations of the current BS 308A (metric) should be followed.
S/NCONTENTSNOTES
1.

Freehand sketching and identification ofmechanical tools

Both pictorial and orthographic sketches of mechanicaltools.
2.

Dimensioning

Limits and fits, allowances, tolerances; emphasis oncorrect techniques.
3.

Screw threads, fasteners and lockingdevices

Include conventional representation, construction andtheir applications.
4.

Sectioning

Full,half-part,offset,broken,removed,aligned andrevolved.
5.

Pictorial drawing

Isometric and oblique drawing; including freehandsketching.
6.

Working and assembly drawing.

Orthographic and sectional views.
7.

Symbols, conventions and abbreviations

Include electrical and plumbing fittings and weldingsymbols.

LIST OF RECOMMENDED TEXTBOOKS

S/NTEXT BOOKSAUTHORSPUBLISHERS
1.

TECHNICAL DRAWING FORSCHOOL CERTIFICATE AND G.C.E(Metric Edition)

J.N GREEN SPECTRUM BOOKS
2.

ENGINEERING DRAWING withworked examples 1 & 2(3rd edition)

M.A PARKER ANDF.PICKUP NELSON THORNSLTD
3.

GEOMETRIC AND ENGINEERINGDRAWING

K.MORLING
4.

GEOMETRIC AND TECHNICALDRAWING

A.YARWOOD ELBS with NELSON
5.

FOUNDATION OF TECHNICALDRAWING

A.PARKISON
6.

TECHNICAL DRAWING withMechanical Engineering & Drawingoption

W.E.KUDOR

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We provide educational resources/materials, curriculum guide, syllabus, scheme of work, lesson note & plan, waec, jamb, O-level & advance level GCE lessons/tutorial classes, on various topics, subjects, career, disciplines & department etc. for all the Class of Learners