PRINTING CRAFT PRACTISE

WAEC SYLLABUS ON PRINTING CRAFT PRACTISE

EXAMINATION SCHEME

There will be three papers, Papers 1, 2 and 3 all of which must be taken. Papers 1 and 2 will be acomposite paper to be taken at one sitting.

PAPER 1:

will consist of forty multiple‐choice objective questions all of which are to beanswered in 45 minutes for 40 marks.

PAPER 2:

will consist of five essay questions. Candidates will be required to answer anyfour in 1½ hours for 60 marks.

PAPER 3:

will be a practical test of 1 hour duration. It will consist of two practicalquestions out of which candidates will be required to answer one for 100 marks.

A list of materials for the test shall be made available to schools not less thantwo weeks before the paper is taken for material procurement and relevantpreparations.

ALTERNATIVE TO PRACTICAL TEST:

Alternatively, in the event that materials for the actual practical test cannot beacquired, the Council may consider testing theoretically, candidates’ level ofacquisition of the practical skills prescribed in the syllabus. For this alternativetest, there will be two sets of questions both of which must be answered in 2hours for 100 marks.


DETAILED SYLLABUS

S/No.CONTENTNOTES

1.

Introduction to the Art of Printing

(i) Art of Definition, explanation of printing.
(ii) Importance, products advantages and uses.
(iii) Printing in Nigeria-Survey Press,FederalGovernment Press,RailwayPress,Daily Timesand other Press Houses.
(iv) Copyright law,History - Origin,Chinese,JohanGutenberg.The role of Hope Waddel andHenry Townsend (1846 – 1926) and(1926 – 1960).
(v) Printing and Career – Importance, Careers, e.g.Lithography machine minders, etc.
(vi) Printing Processes, descriptionmaterials/tools/equipment – letter press/relief printing; offset/lithography; Gravure/intaglio,screen, stencil/flexography.

2.

Workshop safety andmaintenance

(i) Technical workshops for printing – types e.g.lithographyand machine room.
(ii) Safety in the workshop – precautions, aircondition,electrical and lightings, dark rooms,machine rooms.
(iii) Safety in the Binding and Print finishing, safety inthe hot metal composition room.
(iv) Maintenance of machines, tools and equipment inthe Printing workshop, Enumerate the procedures.

3.

Letter Assembly

(a) Hand Composition
Identification e.g. Tools and facilities.Explanation in simple Principles and terminologies,techniques, structures and parts of types.Identification of type faces and typography.

(b) Design for Printing

The concepts of basic design and instrument.

(c) Mechanical Composition

Description and listing of differences between monotype andlinotype; accessories and their uses.

(d) Photo-composition

(i) Equipment/tools, accessories.
(ii) Meaning: principles and components.
(iii) Advantages.

4.

(a) Print Finishing (i) Meaning, importance,etc
(ii) Types and processes e.g. Edition case bindingand loose leaves.
(iii) Technical Terms.
(iv) Materials and accessories.
(b) Binding materials, toolsand equipment (i) Materials – e.g. sewing- thread and leathers.
(ii) Bone-folders and guillotine.
(iii) Papers and boards.
(c) Binding (i) Types: book, pamphlet, padding, edition case,loose – sheet, perfect binding.
(ii) Processes.
(d) Pamphlet Importance, explanation, description and processes, e.g.cutting, stitching, etc.
(e) Perfect binding Concept, importance and processes.
Differences between perfect binding and other types.
(f) Edition binding Explanation.
Edition binding materials and their usages.
Distinguish between edition binding and others.
(g) Loose sheet binding Description, operational outline and materials, tools andequipment.
(h) Warehouse (i) Define warehouse.
(ii) Identification and uses of types of printingmaterials e.g. paper and board, ink, chemicals,printing surfaces, sizes, substances ,grammageetc.
(iii) Stock and inventory control.

5.

Screen printing

Frame/stencil making
(i) Origin of screen printing
(ii) Preparation and methods -wooden frame, mesh (silk), hand-made stencil withcard board; stencil using block out method.
(iii) Stretching of the mesh on the frame.
(iv) Materials and tools – frame mesh, shoulderjoint, glue and nails,squeegee,wax,paint,sponge, cardboard, oil base or water free ink.
(a) Print Making print using stencil with attention onregistration marks and different colours.
(b) Photographic screenmaking (i) Coating of the screen with sensitized solution.
(ii) Exposure of the screen with the gelatinsolution in suitable source of light anddevelopment with water.
(iii) Identification and uses of the following materials –silk or organdie gelatin coating, dichromate, positiveimage, board light source, tracing paper, black lightsource, tracing paper, black paint (Opaque).
(c) Image Reproduction (i) Transferring of image from the mesh/stencil to thesubstrate, e.g. paper, sticker, plastic, etc.
(ii) The use of enlarger and Kodaklith translucentprinting paper.

6.

Lithography – Process CameraWork

Preparation, interpretation and uses.
(1) Planning -

(a) Work Ticket

(b) Layout Planning
(i) Definition of lithography and layout planning.
(ii) The procedure and uses of the layout planning inchronological order, e.g. identification of griper margin,image area, folds and gutter margins.
(iii) Materials – Negative/Positive flats, maskingtape/brown paper, etc.Tools and equipment and their uses: Light table,stripping knife, etc.
(iv) Identification of Negative/Positive e.g. emulsionand non-emulsion side.
(2) Film making/Process camera (i) Definition, qualities, functions and safety rules ofdarkroom.
(ii) Equipment and materials for film making. e.g.
chemicals, original art work, (different type)funnels, developing-sink/tray, mixing tools,pail.etc.
Process camera; Digital Colour SeparationMachine.
(iii) Types of films and their characteristic,Panchromatic films,Orthocromatic film,Laser films.
(iv) Chemicals – Developer; fixatives and stop bath;and their uses.
Preparation and preservation of films.Effect of safe-light on films.
Plate making Description of plate making equipment and theiruses. e.g. plate processor, developing sink,exposure/frame vacuum, etc.
Materials – Pre-sensitised plates, gum,arabic.
The process of making corrections and preservation ofplates and safety procedures.

7.

Machine Printing

(i) Offset Machine Printing.
(i) Techniques of offset printing.
(ii) Spare parts and maintenance procedures e.g.
lubrication, bearings, rollers setting, etc.
(iii) Brief history of offset lithographic machine.
(iv) Configuration of lithographic machine.
(v) Plate and adjustment in correcting imageposition on the sheet during the printingprocess.
(vi) Functions of the important parts of the pressand its running.
(vii) Major units of a lithographic printing machineand their functions.
(ii) Relief Printing (i) History; explanation; principles and types ofrelief printing.
(ii) Important parts and maintenance.
(iii) Method and schemes of imposition.
(iv) Types of image carrier.
(v) Tools and Materials- Chase, Quoin,Solvents, Oils, etc.
(iii) Gravure Printing (Intaglio) (i) History, explanation, principles and types ofGravure Image Carrier.
(ii) Products and advantages/disadvantages.
(iv) Flexographic Printing (i) Definition and concept of flexography and its imagecarrier.
(ii) Differences between flexography printing and othermachine printing.
(iii) The importance of flexographic printing topackaging industry e.g. cellophane andpharmaceutical industry.
(iv) Products- cellophane bags, pharmaceutical andfood packing products.

We provide educational resources/materials, curriculum guide, syllabus, scheme of work, lesson note & plan, waec, jamb, O-level & advance level GCE lessons/tutorial classes, on various topics, subjects, career, disciplines & department etc. for all the Class of Learners

8.

Legal Aspects of the PrintingIndustry

(i) Trade houses in the printing industry and theiractivities e.g. Employers Association; ProfessionalBodies, Training Institutions, Examination Bodies andother Foreign Trade House.(ii) Copyright

LIST OF FACILITIES AND MAJOR EQUIPMENT/MATERIALS REQUIRED

ITEM NOEQUIPMENTQUANTITY REQUIRED

1.

Vacuum Frame

2

2.

Table

4

3.

Screen mesh stretcher

5

4.

Gullotine

1

5.

Magnifier

10

6.

Squeege

20

7.

Stencil knife

10

8.

Compass cutter

2

9.

Drying Rack (Cabinet)

1

10.

Light table

4

11.

Pallet

2

12.

Register scope

1

13.

Destometer

1

14.

Type scale

1

15.

Printing down frame

1

16.

Small offset machine

1

17.

A set of Computer

1

18.

Scanner and Printer

1 each

19.

Giant stapler

2

SUGGESTED READING LIST

S/NTITTLEAUTHOR

1 .

Printing Technology

Adams Faux

2 .

Comprehensive Graphic Art

Dr Ervin A, Denis
Dr John D,Jenkins

3 .

Screen Printing Techniques

Albert Kosloff M,A

4 .

An Approach to Printing Management

Soji Adeniyan

5 .

Graphic Communication in Nigeria

Abdul Rasheed Afolabi

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We provide educational resources/materials, curriculum guide, syllabus, scheme of work, lesson note & plan, waec, jamb, O-level & advance level GCE lessons/tutorial classes, on various topics, subjects, career, disciplines & department etc. for all the Class of Learners