ART

JAMB SYLLABUS ON ART



GENERAL OBJECTIVES:

The aim of the Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination (UTME) syllabus in Art is to prepare thecandidates for the Board’s examination. It is designed to test their achievement of the course objectives,which are to:

1. exhibit knowledge of the fundamental elements, principles and terminologies of art;
2. show knowledge of historical dimensions of art with emphasis on Nigerian arts and crafts;
3. demonstrate knowledge of artistic techniques, processes, the use of materials and maintenanceof tools and equipment;
4. display aesthetic awareness of the environment, meaning and functions of art in society.


DETAILED SYLLABUS

DETAILED SYLLABUS
SECTION A
TOPICS/CONTENTS/NOTES
OBJECTIVES, Candidates should be able to:

1. CLASSIFICATION OF ART:

a. Visual Arts: (Fine and Applied Arts)

b. Performing Arts: (Music, Dance andDrama)

c. Literary Arts: (Poetry, Prose, Recitals)etc.
i. differentiate between the three branches of art;

2. ELEMENTS AND PRINCIPLES OFDESIGN:

a. Elements: line, colour, shape, form,texture, tone, value, space etc.

b. Principles: balance, rhythm, proportion,harmony, contrast, repetition,dominance, variety, etc.
ii. identify the elements of design;

iii. analyze the principles of design;

3. ART TERMS:

Pigments, motif, greenware, armature,silhouette, chiaroscuro, cireperdue, terracottaetc.
iv. identify art terms;

v. link the terms to their areas of art;

vi. use the terms in analyzing artworks.
DETAILED SYLLABUS
SECTION B
TOPICS/CONTENTS/NOTES
OBJECTIVES, Candidates should be able to:

1. HISTORICAL DIMENSIONS OF ART:

a. Prehistoric, Greek and Roman Art;

b. Medieval Art: architecture, surfacedecorations and calligraphy;

c. Renaissance Art and Artists: GiottoDi Bondone, Michelangelo Buonarroti,Leonardo da Vinci and Raphael(Raffaello Santi);

d. 19th and 20th Century art movements;Impressionism, Realism, Futurism,Cubism, Bauhaus, Pop art, AbstractExpressionism and Fauvism.
i. compare their materials, styles and techniques;

ii. classify the periods and styles with emphasis onarchitecture, surface decoration and calligraphy;

iii. compare the artists, their works and styles;

iv. differentiate between the various artmovements;

v. analyze their styles techniques, innovations andinfluences;

2. TRADITIONAL AFRICAN ART:

Egypt, Ashanti, Dogon, Mossi, Fon, Senufo,Bambara, Mende, Kissi, Bamileke andBakumba.
vi. categorize works in terms of style, materialsand locations;

vii. categorize works in terms of styles, materialsand locations;

3. TRADITIONAL NIGERIAN ART:

Nok, Igbo-Ukwu, Ife, Benin, Esie, Igala,Jukun, Akwashi, and Mbari.
viii. analyze the works in terms of functions,characteristics and locations;

4. NIGERIAN CRAFTS:

Pottery, woodworks, cloth-weaving, carving,leather works, metal works, beadworks, bodydecoration, mat and cane weaving.
ix. trace the origins, locations and styles;

5. DEVELOPMENT IN CONTEMPORARYNIGERIAN ARTS AND ARTISTS:

a. Art Schools: Zaria, Nsukka, Osogbo groupetc.

b. Nigerian artists and art educators; AinaOnabolu, Ben Enwonwu, S. I. Wangboje,Jimoh Akolo, Dele Jegede etc.

c. Museums, galleries and art centres;d. Art institutions, cultural artcentres, national art organizations –Nigerian Society for Education throughArts (NSEA), Society for Nigerian Artists(S.N.A), National Council for Arts andCulture (N.C.A.C), etc.

e. Major Festivals: Argungu Fishing Festival,Eyo, Egungun, Iri-ji (New Yam), Durbar,Igue, Ekpo, Odo, etc.
x. determine the influence of the art schoolsand groups;

xi. assess the artists in terms of their works,specializations, techniques and styles;

xii. analyze the functions of museums, galleries, artcentres and art institutions;

xiii. evaluate their impact on the development ofart;

xiv. assess their roles and functions;

xv. examine the impact of major festivals on art andculture.
DETAILED SYLLABUS
SECTION C
TOPICS/CONTENTS/NOTES
OBJECTIVES, Candidates should be able to:

1. ARTISTIC SKILLS, TECHNIQUES ANDPROCESSES

a. Two-Dimensional Art: drawing, painting,graphics and textile design.

b. Perspective:
i. Linear, angular, aerial, parallel etc.
ii. Perspective terms: foreground,picture plane, eye-level, vanishingpoint, foreshortening, optical illusion,depth etc.

c. Sculpture, Ceramics and Crafts,

d. Computer Graphics:
CorelDraw
i. the techniques, skills and processes withemphasis on tone, composition and colourapplication;
ii. the types of perspective;
iii. the use of perspective rules and terms;
iv. techniques, skills and processes;
v. the basic tools of designs

2. TOOLS, MATERIALS ANDEQUIPMENT

a. Two-Dimensional Art Tools: brushes,lino cutters, drawing instruments,calligraphic pens, sharpeners etc.

b. Two-dimensional Art Materials: pencilscharcoal, pastel, crayon, fixative, fabric,dyes, lino, wood blocks etc.

c. Two-Dimensional Art Equipment:air compressor, spray gun, enlarger,computer etc.

d. Improvisation of tools, materials andequipment;
i. Two-Dimensional Art: colours,brushes, calligraphic pens etc.
ii. Three-Dimensional Art: spatula,kiln, beater, etc.
vi. maintain tools and art materials;

vii. use art materials and tools;

viii. operate and maintain art equipment;

ix. improvise alternatives
DETAILED SYLLABUS
SECTION D
TOPICS/CONTENTS/NOTES
OBJECTIVES, Candidates should be able to:

1. ART APPRECIATION

a. Man-made objects: architecture,sculpture etc.

b. Natural phenomena: Zuma Rock, IkogosiWarm Springs, etc.
i. appreciate the aesthetic qualities of natural andman-made aesthetic phenomena in Nigerianenvironment;

ii. differentiate between natural and man-madeaesthetic phenomena;

2. MEANING AND FUNCTIONS OF ARTIN SOCIETY

a. Meaning of art;

b. Functions of art in the society:
religious, social, cultural, political,therapeutic and economic needs.

c. Functions of art in the media:
advertisement, education, recreation etc.
iii. examine the meaning and functions of art;

iv. use art to enhance societal values;

v. assess the role of art in the media;

3. ART ENTREPRENEURSHIP

Job prospects in Visual Arts:
Ceramist, Curator, Textile designer,Industrial designer, Sculptor,Photographer, Cartoonist, Illustrator etc.
vi. identify job opportunities in visual arts.

RECOMMENDED TEXTS

Banjoko I. (2000) Visual Arts made Easy: Textbook for Schools and Colleges, Lagos,Movic Publishing Company Ltd.

Egonwa, O.D. (1991) African Art: A contemporary Source Book, Benin: OsasuPublishers.

Egunlae, S.A. (1985) The Essential Ground work in Art and Design, OmotolaStandard Press and Bookshop (Nig) Ltd.

Erese, U. O. and Ogunsina E. D. (1989) Creative Arts and Crafts for J. S. S.Onibonoje Press.

Nahab, S. J. (2003) Art of the Millennium for Senior Secondary Schools, Ehindero(Nig.) Ltd.

Ogumor, E. (1993) Certificate Art for Junior Secondary Schools and Senior Secondary Schools, Ibadan:University Press Plc.

Olaosebikan W. A. (1982) Cultural and Creative Arts, Evans.

Olurukooba, B. K. (1991) Art for Senior Secondary Schools, ABU.

Uzoagba I. N. (1982) Understanding Art in General Education, Onitsha; African Publishing Ltd.

Wangboje, I. N. (1982) A Textbook on Art for Junior and Senior Secondary Schools, Evans Publishers.

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