GENERAL KNOWLEDGE -IN -ART

WAEC SYLLABUS ON GENERAL KNOWLEDGE -IN -ART

PREAMBLE

The syllabus is intended to provide candidates with the opportunity to demonstrate the extent oftheir aesthetic awareness, emotional and visual development through perceptual and creativeactivities.

OBJECTIVES

Candidates should be able to respond to questions which seek to evaluate their:
(i) Development of perceptual, analytical and expressive skills through a variety of artactivities relating to the environment.
(ii) Knowledge and skills in the use and maintenance of art tools, equipment and materials.
(iii) Level of appreciation of values and qualities of different works of art.
(iv) Knowledge and application of design elements and principles.
(v) Knowledge of art history and art structure.
(vi) Knowledge and appreciation of their culture in relation to other cultures.
(vii) Understanding of the meaning, significance and role of art in the socio-economicdevelopment of their society.
(viii) Understanding indigenous art technology, aesthetics, beliefs, values and attitudes.
(ix) Skills in the development of local materials and resources especially in the promotion ofsmall-scale industries.

EXAMINATION SCHEME


There will be three papers, Papers 1, 2 and 3 all of which must be taken. Papers 1 and 2will be a composite paper to be taken at one sitting.

PAPER 1:

Will consist of forty multiple-choice objective questions all of which must beanswered within 50 minutes for 40 marks.

PAPER 2:

Will consist of five essay-type questions. Candidates will be required toanswer three questions within 1 hour 30 minutes for 60 marks.

PAPER 3:

Will consist of two sections, Sections A and B.

Section A:

Section A will be drawing/painting and will be compulsory for all candidates.Two questions will be set, one on still life and the other on imaginativecomposition and candidates will be expected to answer one of them within 3hours for 50 marks.

Section B:

Section B will consist of two questions, one on lettering/calligraphy and theother onproduct design. Candidates will be required to answer one question

The paper will be sent to candidates a fortnight in advance of the date of itsconduct.


DETAILED SYLLABUS

TOPICSNOTES

Rationale for Visual Arts

i. Concept of Visual Arts and GeneralKnowledge in Art.
ii. Scope and Vocations of Visual arts.
iii. The Role of Art in National Development.

Basic Drawing Tools,Equipment andMaterials

i. Definition, techniques, types and purposes ofdrawing and identification.
ii. Exploration of tools, equipment and materialsused in art.
iii. Preparation, uses, care and maintenance ofdrawing media.

Basic Design andComposition

i. Perspective; definition and types.
ii. Idea development from natural and man-madeobjects.
iii. Drawing for communication; analytical study– object and figure drawing.
iv. Design process (definition).
v. Product designing.
vi. Two and three dimensionaldrawing/designing.
vii. Computer as a tool in art (identification ofparts and uses).
viii. Portfolio building (importance and functions).
ix. Elements, principles and organization ofdesign.
x. Perception (definition).
xi. Colour (definition), the twelve-point colourwheel, sources of colour, colourterminologies, colour mixing (tints andshades/gradation), colour harmony, colourphilosophy, colour psychology, colourrelationships, colour perspective etc.
xii. Ghanaian colour concepts e.g. association ofcolour with objects.
xiii. Colour symbolism.

Printmaking/Printing

i. Definitions.
ii. Identification of tools, materials and equipment.
iii. The basic printing processes – direct and indirect
e.g., relief printing, intaglio, lithography,serigraphy and photographic screen printing etc.Print fromnatural and artificial surfaces.
iv. Printing as a means ofcommunication.

Lettering

i. Definitions.
ii. Types of lettering e.g. block letteringconstructionof block letters, calligraphy,upper and lower case letters, parts of lettersetc.
iii. Gothic lettering (sans serif); characteristics,functions and importance.
iv. Roman lettering (serifs); characteristics,significance and functions.

Prehistoric Art
● Palaeolithic
● Mesolithic
● Neolithic

i. Beginnings, location of art and developmentthrough the ages e.g. cave art.
ii. Use of prehistoric art in promoting aspects ofliving. E.g. hunting through sympatheticmagic.
iii. Creative desires of the caveman (reasons andpurposes of hunting).
iv. Techniques, tools and materials used by thecaveman
v. Terms associated with cave art.

Ancient Art● Egyptian Art

i. Purpose (eternity).
ii. Characteristics and conventions or canons ofart.
iii. Relevance and influence of Egyptian art onother cultures.

Greek, Renaissance, Oriental andOceanic Art

i. Greek art – contributions to the developmentof art during the Archaic, Classical andHellenistic periods.
ii. Renaissance art – (meaning, period of rebirth)origin etc.
iii. Major contributions: artists of the period andachievements
iv. Art forms and styles.
v. Relevance of renaissance art to mankind.
vi. Oriental art – beliefs, art forms, functions andinfluences on the following; Indian art,Chinese art and Japanese art.
vii. Oceanic art – beliefs, art forms and functionsof Polynesian art and Melanesian art.

African Art

i. Influence of religious beliefs – animism,magic, myth, rituals etc.
ii. Types of art forms and functions.
iii. Concept of art in Africa (functionality).
iv. Types – visual, performing and verbal.
v. Main characteristics of indigenous African artforms.
vi. Arts of the major ethnic groups of WestAfrica.
vii. Types of contemporary arts i.e. visual,performing and verbal.
viii. Indigenous and contemporary arts.
ix. Uses and relevance of indigenous andcontemporary/current African arts.
x. Religion, education, trade and politics asagents of change in art.

Art in National Development.
Ghanaian attitudes to the Developmentof art and artists

i. Indigenous art forms and artists –identification of Ghanaian art forms e.g.Adinkra etc.
ii. Contemporary/current Ghanaian Art formsand artists.
iii. Form, symbolism and functions of Ghanaianarts.
iv. Art and Tourism: Roles and contributions ofart in the development of tourism.

Art Appreciation and Modern Art

i. Concepts of appreciation.
ii. Procedures in art appreciation – identification,inventory, technical qualities andinterpretation.
iii. Creativity – definition and relevance, thecreative process, qualities of a creative person.
iv. Aesthetics, criticism and judgement –definitions and relevance.
v. Modern art – philosophy, style, artists andimpact.
vi. Cubism.
vii. Impressionism.
viii. Post impressionism.
ix. Neo impressionism.
x. Fauvism.
xi. Expressionism.
xii. Surrealism etc.

Entrepreneurship

i. Enterprises in visual arts.
ii. Setting up an enterprise – factors to considere.g. where to get financial and technicalassistance.
iii. Managing an enterprise – functions of amanager, the importance of good customerrelations, costing and pricing etc.
iv. Costing and pricing – factors to consider.v. Basic marketing/selling strategies; e.g.advertising.
vi Business risks - direct and indirect risks.
vii. Exhibition (Definition), types/levels, factorsto consider in planning, preparing andmounting exhibition.

Professional Ethics

i. - Developing a Business plan
- Definition, importance and preparation(steps involved).
ii - Artists Statement - Definition and importance.
iii. - Business Brochure and Card.- Definition and importance.

Museum and GalleryStudies

- Definition, history and development of themuseum.
- Functions and socio-economic importanceof the museum.
- The administrative structure of the museum.
- Authenticity and neutrality of the museum.
- Examples of museums and their activities.

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