GARMENT MAKING

WAEC SYLLABUS ON GARMENT MAKING

PREAMBLE

The course in Garment Making at the senior secondary school level is intended to satisfy thegeneric desire of every woman / man to learn garment making skills. This will enable learnersearn their livelihood by way of effective sewing of garments, creating jobs and be self reliantafter graduation.

OBJECTIVES

The Garment Making syllabus is aimed at testing the basic knowledge and understanding ofcandidates in:
a. Manipulative skills that will enable students to effectively function in their communityand the larger society;
b. Developing interest and passion for garment making / design which will lead students tostart up self – employed ventures;
c. Creativity, aesthetic values, attitudes and skills development;
d. Developing interest in locally made fabrics and self made articles;
e. Appreciating entrepreneurship / small businesses for job / wealth creation towardsimproving the individual, family and the nation;
f. Appreciating the dignity of labour;
g. The selection, use and maintenance of sewing equipment;
h. Selection of appropriate clothing for all occasions and figure types;
i. Pattern making and free hand cutting.

EXAMINATION SCHEME


There will be three papers, Papers 1, 2 and 3; all of which must be taken. Papers 1 and 2 will acomposite paper to be taken at one sitting.

PAPER 1:

This will comprise forty multiple choice questions to be answered in 40 minutesfor 40 marks.

PAPER 2:

This will comprise five short essay questions out of which candidates will answerfour within 45 minutes for 40 marks.

PAPER 3:

This will be a test of practical work. It will comprise four short structuredquestions. Candidates will be required to answer all the questions in 40 minutesfor 40 marks.


DETAILED SYLLABUS

TOPICSCONTENTSNOTES

1. INTRODUCTION TO GARMENTMAKING

(a) The importance of clothes/garments

i. Reasons for wearing clothes/ garment
ii. Identification of clothing items
iii. Identification of clothes/garments fordifferent occasions

(b) The Concept of Garment Designing

i. Definition of garment designing
ii. Principles of design
iii. Element of design
iv. Factors that influence garment designing
e.g. age, figure type, etc

(c) Economic importance of GarmentDesigning

i. Importance of garment designing to theindividual, the family
ii. Economic value of garment making

(d) Entrepreneurship in Garment Making

i. Entrepreneurship /small business management
ii. Qualities of an entrepreneur
iii. Advantages of entrepreneurship
iv. Factors to be considered when going intogarment making business

2. SEWING TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT

(a) Simple sewing tools and equipment

i. Identification of various types of sewing tools andequipment
ii. Classification of sewing tools and equipmentaccording to functions viz:
‐ Measuring
‐ Marking
‐ Cutting
‐ Joining
‐ Pressing
‐ Fitting
‐ Storing
iii. Points to consider in choosing sewing toolsand equipment

(b) The sewing machine

i. Types of sewing machine
ii. Use of different types of sewing machines
iii. Parts of a sewing machine and their functions

(c) Care of sewing tools andequipment

i. Importance of care and maintenance ofsewing tools and equipment
ii. Care of simple sewing tools and equipment
iii. Care and maintenance of a sewing machine

(d) Common machine faults andremedies or solutions

i. Common machine faults /problems
ii. Solutions / remedies to the machine problems
iii. Improper use of machine parts

3. BASIC SEWING PROCESSES

a. Basic stitches

i. Types of stitches: temporary and permanent
ii. Uses of various stitches
iii. Procedures for making stitches

b. Seams and seam finishes

i. Seams
ii. Types of seams and where they are used
iii. Types of seam finishes
iv. Points to consider when choosing a seam

c. Disposal of fullness

i. Methods of disposing fullness e.g. dart, pleats,gathers, etc
ii. Procedures for making darts, pleats, gather, etc.

d. Facing and interfacings

i. Types of facings
ii. Functions of facing
iii. Types and functions of interfacings
iv. Other edge finishes

e. Facings and inter facings

i. Types of openings
ii. Types of fastenings
iii. Functions of openings and fastenings

4. THE CONCEPT OF PATTERNS

a. Patterns

i. Pattern drafting
ii. Advantages of the use of patterns
iii. Tools and equipment for pattern drafting
iv. Pattern markings and symbols

b. Ways of obtaining patterns

Different ways of obtaining patterns e.g.
draping, flat patternmethod, and computer aided design, etc.

c. The freehand method

i. Freehand method of cutting
ii. Techniques involved in freehand method of cutting

d. Body measurements

i. Importance of taking accurate body measurements
ii. Essential body parts to be measured
iii. Procedure for taking body measurements

e. Drafting of bodice block

i. Measurements for drafting bodice block
ii. Drafting bodice blocks

f. Drafting of shirt block

i. Measurement for drafting skirt block
ii. Drafting of skirt block

g. Drafting of basic sleeveblocks

i. Measurements for drafting the sleeve blocks
ii. Drafting the sleeve block

h. Drafting of basic collar

i. Measurements for drafting the basic collars
ii. Drafting of basic collars e.g. peter-pan/ flat collars,tie collars,

i. Drafting basic skirt blocks

i. Measurements for drafting skirt blocks
ii. Drafting of skirt blocks
iii. Adaptation of skirt patterns
iv. Techniques of pattern adaptation viz:
dartsmanipulation, slash and spreading methods
v. Adaptation of skirt styles from the skirt blocks

j. Drafting of basic trouser blocks

i. Measurement for drafting trouser blocks
ii. Drafting of trouser blocks
iii. Adaptation of trouser and knicker patterns
iv. Adaptation of different trouser styles from trouser blocks

k. Adaptation of other outfits, e.g.
gowns, jumpers, e.t.c.

i. Adaptation of gowns from bodice / blouse patterns
ii. Adaptation of jumpers from the shirt / trouser block ofpatterns

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5. FIGURE TYPES AND GARMENTMAKING

a. Figure types

i. The three main figure types
ii. Variations of the main figure types

b. Fabric selections for thevarious figure types

i. Colour suitable for the various figure types
ii. Texture appropriate for the various figure types
iii. Design / pattern suitable for the various figure
iv. Design / pattern suitable for the various figure types
e.g. lines, prints, e.t.c.

c. Choice of styles

i. Styles suitable for various figure types e.g.
figure withlarge burst, figures with large hips, figures with thinwaist, e.t.c.
ii. Solving figure problems using styles features

6. ADAPTATION OF PATTERNS

a. Adaptation of blousepatterns

i. Meaning of pattern adaptation
ii. Techniques of pattern adaptation e.g. darts manipulating,slashing, and spreading, e.t.c.
iii. Adaptation of blouse patterns using the bodice blocks

b. Adaptation of skirt pattern

i. Techniques of pattern adaptation (continue)
ii. Adaptation of skirt styles using the skirt blocks

c. Adaptation of sleeves

i. Techniques of pattern adaptation with emphases onslashing and spreading methodii. Adaptation of sleeve styles using the basic sleeve blocks

d. Adaptation of collars

i. Adaptation of collar styles using the basic collar blocks
ii. Adaptation of some collars from necklines ofblouse/ skirts

7. SEWING OF BLOUSES /SHIRTS

a. Practical construction ofblouse / skirt

i. The unit method of sewing
ii. Application of the unit method and basic sewingprocesses in making blouse and skirts

b. Practical construction of skirt,trousers, gowns and jumpers

i. Revisions of the unit method of garment makingbusiness
ii. Application of the basic garment making processesin sewing skirts, trousers, gowns and jumpers

8. SETTING UP A GARMENTBUSINESS

a. Minimum requirements forsetting up a garment makingbusiness

i. Basic requirement for garment making business
ii. Estimate of the cost of the minimum requirements

b. Factors that can affect smallbusiness

i. Factors that contribute to success of small businesses
ii. Factors that contribute to failure of small businesses

c. Financing a business

i. Finance
ii. Sources of finance for a small business
iii. Managing finance

d. Profit / price fixing

i. Determination of profit margin
ii. Factors to consider in fixing a price

e. Customer relationship

i. Maintaining healthy customer relationship
ii. Customer credit

f. Record keeping

i. Types of records necessary for small businesses
ii. Importance if record keeping.

g. Promoting a business

i. Meaning of business promotion
ii. Types of promotion activities
iii. Importance of business promotion

ITEMS REQUIRED FOR EFFECTIVE TEACHING OF GARMENT MAKING

1. Different types of sewing machines
2. Large cutting table
3. Storage cupboard or wardrobe
4. Standing mirror
5. Dress form
6. Pressing Iron
7. Long ruler
8. T – squire
9. Arm hole/neckline curves
10. Cutting shears
11. Paper scissors
12. Needles ( hand sewing)
13. Machine needles14. Hangers
15. Ironing sheets and blankets
16. Long mirror
17. Screen
18. Ironing boards
19. Tracing wheel
20. Pins
21. Pin cushions
22. Seam reaper
23. Brooms, brushes and duster
24. Waste paper bins
25. Tailor’s chalk
26. Brown paper
27. Calico

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BANK: UNITED BANK FOR AFRICA PLC

ACCOUNT NAME: OFAGBE GODSPOWER GEORGE

ACCOUNT NUMBER: 2250582550

SWIFT CODE: UNAFNGLA

ACCOUNT TYPE: SAVINGS

CURRENCY: DOLLAR (USD) ACCOUNT

ADDRESS: 1. M. Aruna Close, Ughelli, Delta State, Nigeria

PHONE: +234805 5084784, +234803 5586470



BANK: UNITED BANK FOR AFRICA Plc (UBA)

ACCOUNT NAME: OFAGBE GODSPOWER GEORGE

ACCOUNT NUMBER: 2042116266

SORT CODE: 033243371

ACCOUNT TYPE: SAVINGS

CURRENCY: NAIRA ACCOUNT

ADDRESS: 1. M. Aruna Close, Ughelli, Delta State, Nigeria

PHONE: +234805 5084784, +234803 5586470



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We provide educational resources/materials, curriculum guide, syllabus, scheme of work, lesson note & plan, waec, jamb, O-level & advance level GCE lessons/tutorial classes, on various topics, subjects, career, disciplines & department etc. for all the Class of Learners