ASEI PDSI Lesson Note On English Language

Transitive & Intransitive Verbs

Subject: English Language

Theme: Parts of Speech

Topic: Verbs

Sub Topic: Classification of Verbs - Transitive & Intransitive Verbs

Date: dd/mm/yyyy

Class: JSS 2

Duration: 35 Minutes

No of Learners: 30

Learning Objectives:

By the end of the lesson learners should be able to:
  1. Say what verbs are.

    Verbs are doing words, i.e a verb shows what we are doing, it shows action.

  2. List types/ classification of verbs.

    1. Transitive Verbs: These are verbs whose actions can be passed to something and person in sentences. i.e they require an object to make meaning. E.g
      The Teacher finished his scheme yesterday.
      Here, the teacher did something; FINISHED, and finished was passed into something; SCHEME. Hence, finished is a transitive verb, while his scheme is the direct object.
    2. Intransitive Verbs: These verbs do not require objects to make their meanings complete. The action they express is not passed to an object or person. E.g. All dogs bark.
      Here, all dogs do something; BARK, and bark was not passed into anything or person. Hense, bark is intransitive verb.


Verbs are the compulsory element in sentences, verbs express the actions which nouns and pronouns perform in sentences. Verbs also express conditions or states of being of nouns and pronouns. Therefore, there is a need to teach our learners about verbs since verbs are very important words in the English Language.

Language Area or Skill:

  • Grammar
  • Vocabulary
  • Writing
  • Reading
  • Speaking

Prerequisite/ Previous knowledge:

Students have been taught parts of speech.

Learning Materials:

Webster's Encyclopaedic Dictionary, Concise Oxford English Dictionary, Flashcard, One copy of each page of the student worksheet per learner. A whiteboard and pens.

Reference Materials:

Nigeria Primary English Pupils’ Book 4 By F Ademola-Adeoye, Q Adam, B Somoye et al.

Lesson Development:

full class session (5mins)
The teacher asks the learners to recite the parts of speech of the English Language. Learners recite the eight parts of speech of the English language.
  1. Nouns
  2. Pronouns
  3. Verbs
  4. Adjectives
  5. Adverbs
  6. Prepositions
  7. Conjunctions
  8. Interjections
Revising the previous lesson and reciting the eight parts of speech.
DEVELOPMENT Step 1. Group Work (2 mins) The teacher guides the learners to form four groups and ask them to choose their leaders and secretaries. Learners choose their group leaders and secretaries. Inculcating leadership skills, competitive spirit, cooperation, teamwork and a sense of responsibility among learners.
Step 2 Full class session (7mins) Guide learners in activities that lead them to the definition of a verb. The teacher gives the four groups flashcards, and ask them to act and not to say what they saw in the flash card. Let every group act out what they saw in their flashcards consecutively.
The teacher should let the rest of the class say out what each group is acting.
The teaching explains to the learner that each of them just did something, each of them acted something, each of the just acted, that is, performed an action. some of you dance, others cried, some sing etc.
This acting or doing or action is called a verb.
Learners expected response;
  1. Group saw dancing in the flashcard and acted dancing.
    The rest of the class says what they are doing; DANCING
  2. Group saw sleeping in the flashcard and acted sleeping.
    The rest of the class says what they are doing; SLEEPING
  3. Group saw singing in the flashcard and acted singing.
    The rest of the class says what they are doing; SINGING
  4. Group saw crying in the flashcard and acted crying.
    The rest of the class says what they are doing; CRYING
  5. Group saw clapping in the flashcard and acted clapping.
    The rest of the class says what they are doing; CLAPPING
  6. Group saw writing in the flashcard and acted writing.
    The rest of the class says what they are doing; WRITING etc.
Developing the meaning of verbs from the activity.
The teacher asks learners to define verbs in their own words Learners expected to respond;
A verb is a doing word.
Definition of verbs
Stage 3
Full class discussion (10 mins)
The Teacher writes two sentences on the board and asks learners to read them out and identify the verbs in the sentences.
  1. The teacher cane Andrew.
  2. Babies smile.

Teacher to give affirmation and compliment learners for their good effort.
The teacher thereafter explains to learners that smile & cane are verbs, however, are different type of verb as used in the sentence. That is, a verb can be classified into one group or class based on how it is used in a sentence.
Learners read the sentences and identify the verbs.
  1. Cane
  2. Smile.
Developing the idea of classification of verbs.
The teacher explains the action performed in the sentences above by asking the learners questions.
  • In the first sentence, the teacher did what?
  • The cane was used on who?
  • In the second sentence, Babies do what?
  • Was the smile transfer to something or a person?

The teacher explains to learners that since the verb 'Cane' in the first sentence was transferred to something or somebody, this type of verb is called Transitive Verb. Since the verb 'Smile' was not passed to something or person, this type of verb is called Intransitive Verb
learners expected respond;
  • Cane
  • Andrew
  • Smile
  • No
Developing the idea of Transitive & Intransitive Verbs.
The teacher asks learners to defined Transitive and Intransitive Verbs in their own words. Learners expected to respond;
  • Transitive verbs are verbs whose actions can be passed to something or a person in sentences.
  • Intransitive verbs are verbs whose actions are not passed to other things or people.
Defining transitive verbs and intransitive verbs.
Evaluation. Full class session (10 mins) Ask the following questions to evaluate the achievement of the set objectives.
  1. What is a verb?
  2. Underline the verbs in the following sentences.
    1. We tear the paper.
    2. She wins again.
    3. I see the sunshine.
    4. Joe climbed slowly.
    5. Eze is very generous.
  3. Identify the Transitive verbs and Intransitive verbs in the following sentences.
    1. Peter loves reading.
    2. The Child cried.
    3. Snail crawl.
    4. The hunter kills the grasscutter.
    5. He runs.
Learners expected response:
  1. A verb is a doing/ action word that nouns and pronouns perform in sentences.
  2. We tear the paper

  3. she wins again.
  4. I see sunshine.
  5. Joe climbed slowly.
  6. Eze is very generous.

  7. Peter loves reading. loves is Transitive Verb
  8. The Child cried. cried is Intransitive Verb
  9. Snail crawl. crawl is Intransitive Verb
  10. The hunter kills the grasscutter. kills is Transitive Verb
  11. He runs. runs is Intransitive Verb
Confirming the achievement of the set objectives.
Conclusion, full class session (3 mins) Ask learners to make simple sentences with DANCE as a Transitive verb and Intransitive verb. Learners expected response.
  1. Children dance at the party. dance is Transitive Verb
  2. children dance. dance is Intransitive Verb
Some verbs can function as both transitive and intransitive verbs, it is the way that they are used that determines the class they belong to.
Acquiring/ improving understanding of transitive and intransitive verbs.
ASSIGNMENT The teacher gives learners a take home. Underline the verbs in the following sentences also indicate if it is a Transitive verb or Intransitive verb.
  1. The birds flew.
  2. Mr Alex teaches us, French.
  3. The baby slept soundly.
  4. Lions roar.
  5. My father can kill a lion.
  6. Drugs cures and kills.
Learners answer other questions. Improving their level of understanding of verbs.