ASEI Lesson Plan On English Language

Common Errors To Be Avoided When Speaking & Writing English Language

Subject: English Language

Theme: Preposition

Topic: Appropriate Uses of English Propositions

Sub Topic: Common Errors To Be Avoided When Speaking & Writing English

Date: dd/mm/yyyy

Class: S.S.S 3

Duration: 35 Minutes

No of Learners: 30

Learning Objectives:

By the end of the lesson learners should be able to:
  1. understand the appropriate use of the preposition.

  2. write and speak in clear, formal English, as is generally demanded in an academic context.

  3. correct errors that are often found or made in speaking and writing the English Language.

Rationale:

Errors are often found with the use of prepositions in students' when they speak and write English Language, such errors are also found in students' answers in the comprehension, summary, essays and letters, aspects of the examination. Therefore, there is a need to teach our students these errors for their essays and letters, speaking and writing to be more authentic and persuasive.

Language Area or Skill:

  • Grammar
  • Vocabulary
  • Writing
  • Reading
  • Speaking

Prerequisite/ Previous knowledge:

Students have been taught Preposition and Concord

Learning Materials:

Webster's Encyclopaedic Dictionary, Concise Oxford English Dictionary, Journal, One copy of each page of the student worksheet per student. A whiteboard and pens.

Reference Materials:

New Oxford Secondary English Course SSS 3 By Ayo Banjo et al.
New Concept English for Senior Secondary School 3 (Revised Edition) by F. Ademola-Adeoye & others.
Webster's Encyclopaedic Dictionary, & Concise Oxford English Dictionary

Lesson Development:

STAGE
TEACHER'S ACTIVITY
LEARNER'S ACTIVITY
LEARNING POINTS
INTRODUCTION: Pre-lesson (conducted before study lesson)
full class session (5 mins)
Lead-in activity.

Begin by inviting the class to discuss the topic of Preposition and Concord. Establish whether the students have an understanding of the position of a preposition in grammatical constructions/ sentences if students have an understanding of the word concord, singular subject, singular verb, and singular adjective, plural subject, plural verb, and plural adjective and if so, ask them to give an example with a sentence or fill in the gap with the most appropriate word or words given in the bracket. If not, provide an example from the student worksheet.
Teacher to encourage vibrant brainstorm of ideas and facilitate students’ participation

  • I prefer rice _______ beans. (more, than, to, for)
  • Who knocked _____ the Door? (on, at, in, to)
  • John _______ rice weekly (eat, eats, eaten, ate, eating)
  • Peter and Paul _______ every day (enjoy, enjoys, enjoyed, have enjoy, has enjoy)
  • To treat Mary and Martha as criminals ______ unfair (are, is, was, were, have been)
  • The panel _______ submitted _______ report (have/it, has/its, have/its, has/it, have/is)
  • The panel _______ submitted _______ report (have/their, has/their, have/his, has/her, have/him)
  • Oliver Twins ______ an interesting novel (are, is, were, has been, have been)

Students respond to the teacher's question.

  • Preposition show the relationships between two or more things.
  • Concord is an agreement between the forms of words. For a sentence to be grammatical and acceptable, its subject must agree in number with its verb.
  • I prefer rice to beans.
  • Who knocked at the Door?
  • John eats rice weekly
  • Peter and Paul enjoy every day
  • To treat Mary and Martha as criminals is unfair
  • The panel has submitted its report
  • The panel have submitted their report
  • Oliver Twins is an interesting novel (are, is, were, has been, have been)

Revising the previous lesson

Students can explain the understanding of the word preposition and concord, singular subject, a singular verb, and singular adjective, plural subject, plural verb, and plural adjective.

DEVELOPMENT Step 1. Group Work (2 mins) The teacher guides the learners to form four groups and ask them to choose their leaders and secretaries. Learners choose their group leaders and secretaries. Inculcating leadership skills, competitive spirit, cooperation, teamwork and a sense of responsibility among learners.
Stage 2
Full class discussion (5 mins)

The teacher gives the class a prompt;

    Write a letter to your friend, identifying:
  • your salutation?
  • complimentary close?
and get students to discuss their views with their peers in their group
The teacher to ensure that students engage in active discussion or debate with their peers and arrive at their own opinion.

Students may say

  • Dear friend,
  • Yours lovely,
    James.

Students are enthusiastic to speak up and give suggestions

The teacher goes through learners work and correct where necessary.

  • Dear Peter,
  • Your loving friend,
    Thomas.
  • 'Dear friend' is not acceptable because you are supposed to write what you would have said if you were in physical contact with your friend.
  • You always call your friend's name anytime you want to get his or her attention.
  • Write the person's name so that your salutation will be true to life.
  • Do not indent i.e leave a space because it is not a paragraph.

Teacher to give further examples of prepositions attached to certain words in writing and speaking for students to reinforce the concept of the topic.
  • abide .............. by
  • absorbed .............. In
  • abstain .............. from
  • Accomplice .............. with
  • accused .............. (Sb) of (sth)
  • accustomed .............. To

Students correct their mistakes and listen to the teacher.

Developing ideas on the concept of common errors in speaking and writing English and introducing the topic.
Stage 3
Full class discussion (10 mins)
The Teacher gives more examples of prepositional phrases and guides learners to make simple sentences with them.
  1. addicted........ To
  2. adhere........ To
  3. admit........to/into
  4. advantage....... Over (sb) of (sth)
  5. affection.......... For
  6. afflicted........ With
  7. afraid......... of
  8. agree.......... To (proposal)
  9. agree..... With (a person) about/on sth
  10. aim .......at
  11. aloof........from
  12. alternative......... To
Learners make sentences with prepositional phrases.
  1. She had become addicted to golf.
  2. I have adhered strictly to the rules .
  3. Paul admitted to me that he sometimes feels jealous of my friendship with Stanley.

    The narrow windows admit little light into the room.

  4. His height gives him an advantage over the other players.

    I took advantage of the good weather to paint the shed.

  5. she had a deep affection for her parents
  6. He is afflicted with cancer.
  7. The Government is afraid of losing the election
  8. You and I are going to have to agree to disagree then.

    I can't agree to the terms of this contract

  9. I agree with every word you've just said

    I agree about going on a holiday

    Are we all agreed on this?

  10. We aim at pleasing everyone.
  11. The Government is keeping aloof from the controversy
  12. New ways to treat arthritis may provide an alternative to painkillers.
Being able to understand common errors with
  • addicted........ To
  • adhere........ To
  • admit........to/into
  • advantage....... Over (sb) of (sth)
  • affection.......... For
  • afflicted........ With
  • afraid......... of
  • agree.......... To (proposal)
  • agree..... With (a person) about/on sth
  • aim .......at
  • aloof........from
  • alternative......... To
in writing and speaking.
Evaluation. Full class session (10 mins) Ask the following questions to evaluate the achievement of the lesson.
    Fill in the gap with the most appropriate word in the box.
  1. I was amazed _____ her knowledge of French literature. (on, at, by, with)
  2. She had been very angry ______ the person who stole her new bike.(about, at, to, on)
  3. she was angry _____ the delay. (at, with, by, about)
  4. We were anxious _____ you. (for, at, with, on)
  5. She was anxious ______ her friend's illness. (about, for, with, at)
  6. He apologized _____ the people who had been affected. (for, to, at, on)
  7. He later apologized ____his behaviour. (for, to, at, on)
Learners expected response:
  1. I was amazed at her knowledge of French literature.
  2. She had been very angry at the person who stole her new bike
  3. she was angry about the delay
  4. We were anxious for you.
  5. She was anxious about her friend's illness.
  6. He apologized to the people who had been affected.
  7. He later apologized for his behaviour.
Confirming the achievement of the set objectives.
Conclusion, full class session (3mins) Ask learners to make simple sentences with
  1. appeal as regard (sb) and (sth)
Learners expected response.
  1. They needed to appeal to his sense of justice
  2. The idea of a vacation appeals to me
  3. The film has great appeal for young audiences.
  4. An appeal for help.
Acquiring/ improving understanding of the prepositional phrase.
ASSIGNMENT The teacher gives learners a take-home of prepositional phrase worksheet to study and ask learners to make a simple sentence with each word. Learners answer other questions. Improving their level of understanding of the Prepositional Phrase.

Worksheet on Prepositional phrase

  1. appetite..... For
  2. approach........to
  3. akin........to
  4. acclimatize........ To
  5. apparent.... To(sb)
  6. apparent...... From(sth)
  7. appoint.......(sb)to(sth)
  8. apply........ To(sb)for(sth)
  9. appropriate... To/for
  10. approve..............of
  11. aptitude............ For
  12. ashamed......... Of
  13. aspire.................to
  14. assent...............to
  15. associate........with
  16. dissociate......from
  17. assure...............of
  18. astonished........ At
  19. atone............. For.
  20. attached..............to
  21. attend..................to
  22. attribute......(sth) to (sth/sb)
  23. authority........Over (power)
  24. authority............ On (expert)
  25. avail.........(oneself)of(sth)
  26. averse.................to
  27. ban(n)..............On
  28. ban(v)...........(sb)from(sth/doing sth)
  29. bad..........at(not good at)
  30. bad...for (harmful)
  31. believe.............in
  32. beneficial.......... To
  33. benefit......by/from
  34. blame.............(sb/sth)for(sth).
  35. boast................of
  36. bound............... For
  37. burden(n)......... To
  38. burden(v)........with
  39. busy.................with
  40. bearing.............. On
  41. campaign........... Against/for
  42. capable........... Of
  43. concern.............. For/about
  44. carefu.....about/for
  45. caution............ About/against
  46. charge.......... With
  47. claim............on/to
  48. clash........... With(sb)over(sth)
  49. collide..............with
  50. Collude......with(sb)in(sth)
  51. comment.........on
  52. compare......to (to show likeliness)
  53. compare ..............with (to show contrast)
  54. compassion..... For
  55. compatible...... With
  56. compensation..... For
  57. compliance.... With
  58. compliment...... On
  59. comply.......... With
  60. conducive......... To
  61. confide....in (trust)
  62. confide.....to (tell)
  63. confidence........In
  64. confident..... Of/about
  65. confined.......... (Sb/sth)to(sth)
  66. conform............To
  67. conformity...... With
  68. congenial......... To
  69. congratulate......... (Sb)on(sth)
  70. connect.......(sth)to(sth)
  71. consent............. To
  72. consist................of
  73. contemporary...... With
  74. contempt..... For
  75. contend....... with
  76. contend.....for
  77. content.........with
  78. contrary.............to
  79. control....... Over
  80. connive........at/in(sth)
  81. connive...with(sb)
  82. close...........to
  83. complain....to(sb)about/of(sth)
  84. crash............into
  85. convenient......... For(sb/sth)
  86. converse...... With
  87. convict........... (Sb)of(sth)
  88. cure(v).......(sb)of(sth)
  89. cure(n).............for
  90. concern(n...about/for/over.
  91. concerned (adj)........about/for/over (worried)
  92. concerned (adj).......about/with (interested in)
  93. deal......in(trade)
  94. deal.......with(to take appropriate action).
  95. delight.............in
  96. depend...On/upon
  97. deprive..........(sb/sth)of(sth)
  98. desist......... From
  99. destitute...........of
  100. detrimental...... To
  101. deviate........ From
  102. devoid........ Of
  103. differ.......from(sb/sth)
  104. differ...with(sb) about/on/over(sth)
  105. different........... From/to/than
  106. disgusted.......... At/by/with
  107. dispense...... With
  108. dispose.............of
  109. die...........of (person died of accident).
  110. Die.......with(disease) person died with cancer
  111. Die.........for(purpose) person died for country/organization.
  112. dissent.........from
  113. dote........... On/upon
  114. double (n)/doubtful (adj)........about
  115. drenched....... In/with
  116. decline......... In/of
  117. eager............ For
  118. eligible.......... For
  119. engaged......... In/on(sth)
  120. engaged....... To(sb )
  121. enthusiasm.......... For/about
  122. entrust......(sb)with(sth)
  123. entrust.......(sth)to(sb)
  124. envious/jealous......Of
  125. envy...............at
  126. entitle/entitlement.....To
  127. equal........... To
  128. escape....... From
  129. essential... To/for
  130. excel............at/in
  131. exception........ To
  132. excuse.......... (Sb) for (sth)
  133. excuse........ For (reason)
  134. exemption...From
  135. expose.........(sth)to (sb)
  136. encroach..........on/upon
  137. expect....... (Sth)from (sb)
  138. fail. ...............in
  139. faith................. In
  140. faithful............. To
  141. famous........ For
  142. fearful..... For (sb)
  143. fearful...... Of(sth)
  144. feed/live.....on(eat)
  145. fight....... With(sb)about/for (sth)
  146. fill ........(sth)with(sth).
  147. fill..............in(sth)
  148. fit/unfit...........For
  149. fond.................of
  150. fondness........ For
  151. free.........from/of
  152. frightened........ At
  153. full................of
  154. fuss...about/over
  155. fed up...........with
  156. glad.......about (happy)
  157. glad.......of(greatful)
  158. glance............ At
  159. good......at (able to do sth well)skillful
  160. good.............for (suitable) convenient
  161. grapple....... With
  162. greatful.......to(sb)for(sth)
  163. grief....... At/over
  164. grieve.....for/over
  165. guard.......Against
  166. guilty........ about
  167. guilty........ of (having done sth illegal)
  168. harmful/injurious.....To
  169. heir...........to ( sth)
  170. heir..........of (sb)
  171. hint.............at
  172. hope........... For
  173. hope...........for/of
  174. hopeful........... About/of
  175. hostile............. To
  176. habit......of(doing sth)
  177. identical....... With
  178. ignorant......... About/of
  179. impact..... of(sb)on(sth/sb)
  180. impose........... On
  181. impress....... (Sb) with(sth)
  182. impression......... On(sb)
  183. impression..... Of(sth)
  184. impressed....with/by
  185. independent... of
  186. indifferent/callous......to
  187. indispensable...... To(sb/sth)
  188. indispensable........ For(doing sth)
  189. infected........ With
  190. infer..............from
  191. influence..... Over(control)
  192. influence........ On/upon(effect)
  193. inform.............. of
  194. inquiry.......about/into
  195. insight......... Into
  196. insist..............on
  197. insistence.......on
  198. interact......... With
  199. interaction......... With (sb/sth)
  200. interaction....... Between (two things or persons)
  201. interested....... In
  202. interfere......... In (get involved)
  203. interfere........ With (prevent)
  204. invest................in
  205. involved............in
  206. irrelevant........ To
  207. irrespective..... of
  208. meddle........... In
  209. keen................on
  210. kind/cruel.......to
  211. lack...................of
  212. lacking...............in
  213. lament...........over
  214. laugh................ At
  215. lead.................to
  216. leave..........for(a place, go to)
  217. liable....... For (legally responsible for paying the cost of)
  218. liable........ To (likely to be punished by law for)
  219. listen............. To
  220. longing (n)/long(v)..........for
  221. look/stare/gaze.......at
  222. lust...................for
  223. .march..............on
  224. married.............to
  225. marvel...............at
  226. meditate/concentrate......on
  227. mourn............ For
  228. nag....................at
  229. need/necessity....For
  230. negligent.......... In
  231. nervous...About/of
  232. notorious....... For
  233. obedient.......... To
  234. object/objection.....to
  235. oblige.....(sb)with(sth)
  236. obliged..... To(sb)for (sth)
  237. obsession.....with
  238. obsessive... About
  239. open...... To(sb/sth)
  240. opportunity......for(sb/sth)
  241. opportunity......for/of(doing sth)
  242. part...............from
  243. part......with (to give sth to sb else)
  244. partial............. To
  245. partially...For(sth)
  246. passion...........for
  247. pertain..............to
  248. persist.....in(doing sth)
  249. persist........in/with(sth)
  250. pleased........With
  251. pleasing......... To
  252. popular......... With
  253. pray......to(sb)for(sth)
  254. prefer...... (Sb/sth)to(sb/sth)
  255. preferable........ To
  256. pretext............for
  257. prevail......on (persuad)
  258. prevail.......over (defeat)
  259. prevent....... From
  260. pride............. In
  261. prior............... To
  262. prohibit.........from
  263. prone.............. To
  264. proud............... Of
  265. provide..... (Sb)with(sth)
  266. provide......(sth)fo(sb)
  267. pessimistic...... About
  268. positive.......About
  269. quarrel........About(sth)
  270. quarrel.... With(sb)
  271. ready............ For
  272. reconcile..... To(sth)
  273. reconcile..... (Sth)with(sth)
  274. recover(v).....from
  275. recovery(n)...from
  276. refer............... To
  277. reference........ To
  278. rejoice..... At/over
  279. related............ To
  280. rely...................on
  281. remind..............of
  282. remorse......... For
  283. request............for
  284. resemblance... To
  285. resolve.............on
  286. responsible.....for (sth)
  287. restricted........ To
  288. rid....................of
  289. rob....................of
  290. resign......... From
  291. search............ For
  292. seek..............for
  293. senior/junior.......To
  294. sensitive...... To/about
  295. sequel...............to
  296. short.................of
  297. similar............ To
  298. smile/sneer/giggle...At
  299. sorry.........about/for
  300. spend.............on
  301. stick...... To (to continue doing sth despite difficulties)
  302. subject........... To
  303. submission.......to
  304. suffuse..........with
  305. succeed............ In
  306. succession........in
  307. succumb...........to
  308. suffer............from
  309. superior/inferior......to
  310. supplement..... To
  311. supply....... (Sth)to (sb)
  312. supply.......(sb)with(sth )
  313. surprised/shocked....At
  314. suspect.......(sb/sth)of(sth)
  315. suspicious...... Of
  316. sympathize...with(sb/sth)
  317. thankful ...for(sth)
  318. thankful..... To(sb)
  319. thirst/hunger/desire.........For
  320. threaten......(sb)with(sth)
  321. tired............... Of
  322. stick.............. Of
  323. tremble...... With
  324. true..................to
  325. used.................to
  326. victory...... Over/against.
  327. venue............. For
  328. wait.................for
  329. want.................of
  330. waste.......on(sth)
  331. withdraw......from
  332. wonder...... About (think about)
  333. wonder......... At(be surprised)
  334. worthy............. Of
  335. write...... (Sth)to(sb)
  336. write..... In(ink/pencil)
  337. write........ With(a pen)
  338. yearn..............for
  339. yearning........ For
  340. yield............. On
  341. yield..............to
  342. thrive.............. On
  343. self-sufficient....in
  344. debate....... on/with/for.