Lesson Plan on Civic Education

National Identity

Subject: Civic Education

Theme: National consciousness

Topic: National identity

Sub Topic: Meaning & Elements of national identity

Date: dd/mm/yyyy

Class: Basic Three

Duration: 35 Minutes

No of Learners: 30

Learning Objectives:

By the end of the lesson learners should be able to:
  1. Say the meaning of National identity.

    National identity can be referred to as the symbols, actions and behaviour, beliefs, languages and feelings that make people from one country different from people from other countries. It also means accepting and belonging to a country by taking part in its activities and obeying the rules and regulations of that country.

  2. Mention elements of national identity.

    Certain things make it possible for people to identify themselves as members of one country or another. These include the following:

    • National anthem: This is a song that has special importance for a country. It tells the way the people feel about their country.
    • Citizenship of a nation: The citizens feel special about their nation. They enjoy certain rights and are expected to do certain things for their country.
    • Payment of taxes and dues: The people pay taxes that has used to develop their country.
    • Working to make the society better: all true citizens of a country strive towards making their country better.
    • Showing respect for national symbols: People who identify with their country show respect for the national symbols of their country. For example, in Nigeria, many offices and organisations fly the national flag always. Some have the coat of arms, the pictures of the president, and the state governor. We stand at attention when we say the national pledge and when we sing the national anthem.

Rationale:

National identity is a person's identity or sense of belonging to one or more states to one or more nations. It is the sense of a nation as a cohesive whole, as represented by distinctive traditions, culture, and language it is an awareness of difference, a feeling and recognition of 'we' and 'they'. People with identification of their nation view national beliefs and values as personally meaningful and translate these beliefs and values into daily practices. Therefore, there is a need to teach our learners about our National identity for our learners to have a state of belonging, patriotism, national pride and positive emotion of love for our country.

Prerequisite/ Previous knowledge:

Learners have learnt about the seven continents and some countries.

Learning Materials:

  • A clip of movies of Indians, Americans, Nigerians, Chinese.
  • Flashcards or pictures of National symbols e.g
    The national currency, National flag, Coat of arms, etc.
  • Rhymes and songs. e.g National Anthem, National Pledge, some popular national actors & actress, musicians and their songs, etc.

Reference Materials:

Basic Civic Education for Primary Schools Pupils' Book 3 by B. J. Obebe, F. J. Muazu, H. O. C. Ambassador-Brikins, S. O. Koledoye.

Lesson Development:

STAGE
TEACHER'S ACTIVITY
LEARNER'S ACTIVITY
LEARNING POINTS
INTRODUCTION
full class session (3 mins)
The teacher asks learners to name and mention the number of continents we have. Learners expected to respond.
There are 7 continents. namely; Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Antarctica, Europe, and Australia.

An environment is the natural surroundings in which we live.

Confirming the previous lesson.
DEVELOPMENT Step 1. Group Work (2 mins) The teacher guides the learners to form four groups and ask them to choose their leaders and secretaries. Learners choose their group leaders and secretaries. Inculcating leadership skills, competitive spirit, cooperation, teamwork and a sense of responsibility among learners.
INTRODUCTION Step 2 Full class session (7 mins) The teacher played a short clip of the movie and ask learners in groups, who are those that acted in these movies? In groups, Learners responded base on the clip they watched;
Indians, Americans, Nigerians, Chinese, Ghanaians.
Developing the ideas of the concepts of the topic of National identity.
The teacher asks learners in groups, how do you know they are Indians, Americans, Nigerians, Chinese, Ghanaians?

Teacher to give affirmation and compliment learners for their good effort.
Learners response from groups;
  1. The way they speak.
  2. The way they dress.
  3. The way they greet.
  4. The way they feel.
  5. Through their actions.
  6. Through their symbols (images, pictures, status etc)
  7. The way they dance.
  8. The way they sing.
  9. The things they believe.
Developing the meaning of national identity.
The teacher commend on learners activity above,
Through these symbols, actions etc we have been able to identify and distinguish a person from one nation from the other, an Indian from an American, An American from a Nigerian, a Nigerian from a Chinese, a Chinese from a Ghanian etc.

The teacher asks learners, in your own words. What is National Identity?
Learners expected response.
National identity can be referred to as the symbols, actions and behaviour, beliefs, languages and feelings that make people from one country different from people from other countries.
Meaning of National Identity.
Stage 3
Full class discussion (10 mins)
Teacher asks learners, in an international competition like football, before players commence a football match, and during the match, there is something which every player, their members, fans, supporters usually do, it helps outsiders to identify these players and their members.
What is it?

The Teacher may give the class more prompts that will aid the learners to list the elements of National identity.


Teacher to give affirmation and compliment learners for their good effort.
Learners raised their hands to respond to the teacher's question.
  1. Their national anthem.
  2. Respect for their national anthem.
  3. Special feelings for their nation.
  4. Working together to make their nation better.
  5. Contribution to their nation.
Developing the idea of the elements of national identity.
Teacher to give further explanation of the elements of national identity.
  • National anthem: This is a song that has special importance for a country. It tells the way the people feel about their country.
  • Citizenship of a nation: The citizens feel special about their nation. They enjoy certain rights and are expected to do certain things for their country.
  • Payment of taxes and dues: The people pay taxes that are used to develop their country.
  • Working to make the society better: all true citizens of a country strive towards making their country better.
  • Showing respect for national symbols: People who identify with their country show respect for the national symbols of their country. For example, in Nigeria, many offices and organisations fly the national flag always. Some have the coat of arms, the pictures of the president, and the state governor. We stand at attention when we say the national pledge and when we sing the national anthem.
Learners pay attention to the teacher. Elements of national identity.
Evaluation. Full class session (10 mins) Ask the following questions to evaluate the achievement of the set objectives.
  1. What is National Identity?
  2. List the elements of the national identity.
Learners expected response:
  1. National identity can be referred to as the symbols, actions and behaviour, beliefs, languages and feelings that make people from one country different from people from other countries.

    1. National anthem.
    2. Citizenship.
    3. Payment of taxes and dues.
    4. Working to make society better.
    5. Showing respect for national symbols.
Confirming the achievement of the set objectives.
Conclusion, full class session (3 mins) Ask learners, some of our family members, friends that have stayed in foreign countries for so long and thereafter return home seems to possess some trait of the country they lived in before coming back home. What is responsible for that? Learners expected response.

Learners concluded the lesson that these persons have been transformed by the national identity of that country.

Acquiring/ improving understanding of national identity.
ASSIGNMENT The teacher gives learners a take home.
  1. What is national identity?
  2. List the elements of national identity.
Learners answer other questions. Improving their level of understanding of national identity.